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  • When was billiards first played?

    The origins of billiards are lost with the passing of time, although early records by Greek traveller Anacharsis indicate that a very preliminary version was played by Egyptians as early as 400 BC, which was then adopted by the Greeks.

    The word “billiard” is derived from French, where the word “billart” means stick, and the word “bille” means ball.  In the 15th century, the earliest record of how the game was made was recorded.  It started as an indoor version of croquet, which could explain why the pool table felt is traditionally green (to represent the grass from outside).  The first billiards table was found among the items belonging to King Louis XI.  The Shakespeare play “Anthony and Cleopatra” makes use of the word “billiard”, suggesting that the term was well-known to people living in the Elizabethan age.

  • Where is the billiards hall of fame located ?

    The Billiard Congress of America, based in Broomfield, Colorado, maintains the BCA Hall of Fame.  The New England Pool & Billiards Hall of Fame is located at 53 Ashburton Street in Providence, Rhode Island.

  • Where is billiards most popular?

    Pool is most popular in America, whereas snooker is most popular in the United Kingdom.  Pocket billiards are also popular in other countries such as Canada, Australia, Taiwan, the Philippines, Ireland, and China.

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  • What sizes do billiard balls come in?

    The standard size for American billiard balls is two and one half inches, or six and seven twentieths of a centimeter, with the white cue ball being slightly larger.

  • What are shuffleboard discs called?

    Shuffleboard discs are often referred to as pucks, although they may also be called weights or quotis.  They are made of plastic.

  • Which game of billiards uses twenty-two balls?

    Baseball pool is a game that uses twenty-one numbered balls and the cue ball.  The game uses a special “baseball set”, with special balls numbered sixteen through twenty-one (a normal set of balls are numbered one through fifteen).  The game also uses an oversized rack for proper racking.

    The foot spot where the balls are racked is called “home plate”. The 9-ball is known as the “pitcher”, and is placed where the center of the rack would be in a 15-ball game.  From the racker’s point of  view, the 1-ball is placed at the apex of the racking triangle, the 2-ball is placed in the right corner, and the 3-ball is placed in the left corner.  The remaining balls may be placed randomly.

    In baseball pool, players call their shots before shooting (with the exception of the break).  Incidental balls pocketed may count for the player if the the shot is successful, but must be returned to home plate if the called shot is not successful.  Each player is allowed nine “innings”, which are played in succession.  Each inning continues until the player misses a called shot or scratches, at which point the score for that inning is recorded and the player proceeds to the next inning.  Once nine innings are completed, the balls are re-racked and the next player is “at bat” and may begin the next nine-inning session.

    Players are awarded scores according to the number on the ball.  For example, if a player pockets the 12 and 13 balls in one inning, a score of twenty-five points is awarded for that inning.

    If a player commits a foul, no score is awarded for any balls pocketed on the fouled stroke.  Furthermore, no score is awarded for the immediately preceding pocketed ball, even if said ball was from a previous inning.  Any balls pocketed on the fouled stroke must be returned to home plate.  If a player fouls yet has not pocketed any balls, the very next pocketed ball is spotted at the end of the inning and the score for said ball is not awarded to the player.

  • What does a billiard ball weigh?

    Billiard balls typically weight between five and one half to six ounces, or between 156 and 170 grams.

  • What do you call a billiards player?

    Most billiard players are called exactly that - “billiard players”, or sometimes “pool players” or even “players” when the context is understood.  A really good pool player, however, is often referred to as a “pool shark”.

  • What does billiards chalk do?

    Chalk is applied to the leather tip of the cue to help make better contact with the ball and prevent miscuing.  It is recommended that a player get in the habit of “chalking up” before each and every shot.

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